Varieties of Marijuana.  Experts weigh the difference between indica and sativa

Walking into a dispensary for the first time can be an overwhelming and intimidating experience.

Many associates are happy to walk customers through the process to find out what products they need. But if customers come with some knowledge about marijuana and their needs, it can help both parties.

It is very important to know which top level you want to achieve. Each type of weed has different effects, and different people respond positively to different problems. Over time, a marijuana user can clearly identify their preferences.

One of the first things a buddhist will ask is whether they want an indica, sativa or hybrid strain. It is often labeled prominently on product packaging.

But what is the difference between the three classifications? While cannabis-consuming communities have accepted the classification and used it for decades, there is ongoing disagreement between taxonomists and other scientists about its veracity.

Nine-month-old indica hybrid plants glow under the spotlights on the artist's tree, a new cannabis dispensary that will open next Monday at Palm and Nice streets.  Once opened, the Artist Tree doubles as an art gallery.  Photo taken on Wednesday, July 6, 2022 in Fresno.

Nine-month-old indica hybrid plants glow under the spotlights on the artist’s tree, a new cannabis dispensary that will open next Monday at Palm and Nice streets. Once opened, the Artist Tree doubles as an art gallery. Photo taken on Wednesday, July 6, 2022 in Fresno.

Indica, sativa and hybrid

Although there are many disagreements about it Scientific diversity Between indica, sativa, and hybrid marijuana strains, all three come with high generalizations that consumers can experience. The statements are not all inclusive. Each strain of marijuana is unique and its effects on individuals vary.

applicant

  • Results are relaxed, chill (a typical memory device is an indication to appear in the da-sofa).

  • The body is bigger than the head

  • Short, bushy plants have broad leaves

  • It relieves pain, increases appetite, reduces stress and anxiety

  • It can help with sleeping, eating, and relaxing

Sativa

  • Results Active, inquisitive, silly high

  • The higher the body, the higher the head

  • Tall, skinny plants have narrow leaves, thin branches and small flowers

  • Recommended for daily use

  • It increases concentration, energy and creativity, reduces depression, eliminates nausea

  • It can cause hyperactivity and paranoia

Hybrid

  • Any combination of the above

  • Grow longer, stronger

Cannabis plants grown by Blair and Daniel Auclair of Radical Plants are photographed Friday, April 15, 2022, in a cannabis greenhouse at their mixed farm in Mendocino County near Covello.

Cannabis plants grown by Blair and Daniel Auclair of Radical Plants are photographed Friday, April 15, 2022, in a cannabis greenhouse at their mixed farm in Mendocino County near Covello.

Chemical and molecular makeup

Two of the main components found in marijuana are tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, and cannabidiol, or CBD. THC acts as a psychoactive component, while CBD provides antidepressant and antipsychotic properties, Dr. Ethan Russo said in “Conduct THC” and Other professionals.

However, these categories do not necessarily result in the reported results of each species. The CBD percentage is not what makes users drowsy, possibly from the myrcene content commonly found in indica strains. It’s not entirely the THC percentage that changes a person’s mood, it’s the limonene content as well. According to Dr. Rousseau.

Indica is often referred to as a CBD-dominant strain, while Sativa is a THC-dominant strain. Hybrids are often referred to as having equal or equal parts of THC and CBD. A strain’s “genetic makeup” refers to its THC/CBD ratio.

Many tests Attempts have been made to determine the validity of this belief, but the results have been mixed. Some have found that the classifications of marijuana do not show clear molecular patterns as expected, each class has a different makeup. But others found some consistency and others found alternative explanations for the episodes.

A study, “Phytochemical Variety of commercial cannabis In the United States,” the classifications were found to be deceptive because the categories showed genetic, controlled variation.

“Legal THC-dominant cannabis products are marketed to consumers with clear associations between the product’s labeling and psychoactive effects,” said study authors Christiana Smith, Daniela Vergara, Brian Keegan and Nick Giacomos. “This is misleading as there is currently no clear scientific evidence for these claims and our results show that these labels are closely related to the underlying chemistry.”

However, others believe that the chemical makeup may be beneficial in spite of the classification It shows no clear pattern. As expected. The text “Ya We call it indicaIt smells sweet by any other name,” suggesting that the lack of chemical differentiation is for marketing reasons or even to “give the cannabis subculture an air of sophistication.”

Historical system

So why do the classifications exist at all? He is a French biologist in the 18th century Jean Baptiste Lamarck. He concluded that there are two different types of cannabis based on the different physical characteristics of some marijuana plants and others. At the time, its Latin name was Cannabis Sativa. Lamarck named the new species Cannabis Indica.

At the time, Lamarck and other botanists were reported to have heard of a different form of the cannabis plant. It wasn’t until a peer from India sent samples of local cannabis plants that Lamarck discovered the differences in appearance.

Lamarck wrote that “the main effect of this plant is to go to the head, disturb the brain, make a person forgetful and bring about a strong homosexual intoxication.”

Since his classification, botanists have debated whether Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica are two different species, or two versions of the same species adapted to different environments.

Alternative options

Some have shifted to identifying terpenes, which are secondary components with a more specialized role, but there are over 100 terpenes in marijuana strains. Many scientists recommend that growers and consumers differentiate strains by genetic makeup and terpene content in order to have a more informed and consistent approach.

“Strains are important, but they’re not 100% accurate predictions, especially if your cannabis isn’t tested,” says Joe Dolls in “Brave New Weed: Adventures into the Uncharted World of Cannabis.”

“If you’re affiliated with the distribution unit you’re trying to test, ask a knowledgeable budder to explain the meaning of those numbers. THC, CBD and terpene profiles are more likely to predict high effects than strain names or categories such as ‘indica’, ‘sativa’ or ‘hybrid’. If you can find a strain that has both THC and CBD and notice the difference. And know your terpenes as they help predict your highs.

Several research efforts end up supporting a more regulated system for classifying and labeling marijuana products. Current practice in the US allows growers to breed and name combinations of strains without much regulation. There is no system for naming products like wine or spirits. Instead, it’s the Patriots’ decision.

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